The timing of planting garden plants in the ground with seeds and seedlings

Any owner of a land plot is always ready to allocate part of the territory for a vegetable garden. Some plant only a small amount of vegetables and green crops, some try to cover as large a range of plants as possible, believing that the most delicious and environmentally friendly vegetables can only be grown with their own hands.

In order for plants to show all their varietal qualities when growing it, a number of requirements must be observed, these are, first of all, requirements for lighting, soil and watering. Wanting to grow a particular crop, it is important to know the timing of planting garden plants in the ground, taking into account the seedling and seedless growing method.


  • Dates of planting garden plants from the genus Nightshade
  • Planting vegetables from the pumpkin family
  • When to plant cabbage crops

Dates of planting garden plants from the genus Nightshade

All members of the Nightshade family were brought to Europe and Russia from America. Almost all of them are thermophilic and for harvesting in most regions of Russia they are grown through seedlings.

The following crops belong to the Nightshade:

  • tomato
  • eggplant
  • vegetable peppers
  • potatoes
  • physalis

Potatoes are the first and most important crop for most gardeners. It is grown from tubers. The planting of this culture is started after the soil has thawed and warmed up at the depth of the planting of tubers to a constant temperature of +7 + 8 degrees. At the same time, the average daily air temperature should not be lower than 8 degrees Celsius.

Such conditions in most regions of Russia occur in the last decade of April - the first decade of May. It is preferable to plant early potato varieties at these dates, medium and late ones in the second half of May.

Peppers and eggplants are grown almost everywhere through seedlings.

The timing of sowing these crops for seedlings is from mid-February to early April. Peppers and eggplants are planted in the garden in late May - early June.

Tomatoes are also in most cases grown through seedlings at about the same time as eggplants, but in some regions you can get a tomato crop by sowing seeds in the ground. They do this in the same way in the second half of May, the harvest is obtained a little later than when grown through seedlings.

Physalis is not a widespread crop in Russia, I grow it mainly through seedlings according to the same scheme as tomatoes.

Planting vegetables from the pumpkin family

Representatives of the pumpkin vegetable family were grown in Russia long before the appearance of tomatoes and potatoes, these include the following garden crops:

  • cucumbers
  • pumpkin
  • zucchini
  • squash
  • melons
  • watermelons

All pumpkin crops are planted in the ground when the soil warms up to 14 degrees Celsius. In most regions of Russia, this does not happen until the second half of May. Cucumbers, pumpkins, zucchini, squash can be sown directly into the ground after May 10-15.

Melons, watermelons, early cucumbers should be grown with preliminary sowing of seeds to obtain seedlings. Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in late March - early April, taking into account that the moment of transplantation to the garden falls on the horses in May - early June and the age of the seedlings should be about 50 days.

It is important to take into account that cucumbers, melons and watermelons do not tolerate transplanting well, so it is advisable to sow them for seedlings in separate containers, this will help to avoid damage to the seedlings.

Cucumbers and all pumpkin crops are afraid of late frosts, so you should take care of additional shelter in case of their threat. Wanting to get a harvest of cucumbers that can be salted in barrels for the winter, their seeds can be sown in June, from 15 to 21.

When to plant cabbage crops

Vegetables of the cabbage family include, first of all, all types of cabbage:

  • white cabbage
  • broccoli
  • colored
  • redhead
  • kohlrabi
  • Beijing

The most popular crop is white cabbage. Young shoots tolerate short-term frosts up to -3 degrees quite well. Considering that cabbage sprouts appear quite quickly, 5 - 7 days after sowing, it is necessary to sow the seeds in the period when the time of severe frosts has passed.

You can also sow cabbage seeds in a greenhouse, and after the threat of frost has passed, transplanted into open ground, well-grown, hardened seedlings can withstand frosts up to -5.

Seedlings of early varieties of white cabbage can be planted in the ground after April 25, and medium and late - from May 15 to June 5. Separately, it should be said about such representatives of the Radish genus from the Cabbage family, like radishes.

Radish is the very first crop that appears on the table. Radish seeds germinate in three to five days after sowing, and the crop can be harvested in 30 to 40 days.

Considering that radish shoots can withstand a slight frost, it is possible to sow it in open ground already in the second half of April, and in a greenhouse - in early April.

When cultivating vegetables, it should be remembered that, depending on weather conditions, the timing of planting garden crops may shift, therefore, first of all, one must focus on the temperature regime of the air and soil.

Useful video about the timing of planting garden plants:

Watch the video: Starting Seeds Indoors for Your Spring Garden - 6 Mistakes to Avoid. Spring Garden Series #1 (January 2022).