An informational article about indoor bamboo cultivation. However, many amateur flower growers call a completely different kind of indoor bamboo.
We are talking about the plant Dracaena Sandera from the genus Dracaena of the Asparagus family. Several popular names have stuck behind it, one of which is happiness bamboo or Chinese bamboo. This type of dracaena looks like several fleshy tubular stems with a small number of leaves. They are most often sold in vases, where instead of earth is water. However, the real home bamboo, the care of which will be described below, belongs to a completely different genus and family.
- What is home bamboo, plant description
- Conditions for bamboo when growing in a room
- How to plant bamboo, caring for it
What is home bamboo, plant description
The genus Bamboo belongs to the Cereal family. It includes about 130 plant species. All bamboos are herbaceous perennial evergreens. In the wild, they grow in warm, most often tropical, climates of Asian countries. Many types of bamboo are domesticated. Subsequently, they became wild again.
The most real bamboo is the common bamboo. Which is very often used in street gardening in many countries, where there are suitable conditions for its cultivation. The plant sometimes reaches a height of 30 m. The stem of the bamboo is a hollow cranked straw.
It is in the structure of the stem that real bamboo differs from Sandler's dracaena, the stem of which is very fleshy. The roots of bamboo are powerful, in the type of growth similar to the roots of wheatgrass weed.
Leaves are narrow, elongated. The color of the leaf plate is green, although there are species with variegated foliage. Bamboos bloom extremely rarely. Usually, the appearance of a flower occurs only at the end of a plant's life. There are cases when the whole bamboo grove bloomed in one day, and then all the plants dried up at the same time. Bamboos are propagated by rhizomes. The following bamboos are suitable for indoor growing in pots:
- Dwarf bamboo from the genus Pleioblastus, the plant is no more than half a meter high.
- Golden bamboo from the genus Pleioblastus, the plant has a powerful root, spreading lush bushes, its leaves are narrow, 8-15 cm long, the height of golden bamboo is 0.7 m.
- Fargesia shiny or large wall has soft, pleasant to the touch leaves.
All subspecies and types of bamboo most often grow in approximately the same conditions. They have similar agricultural practices when grown in pots indoors.
Conditions for bamboo when growing in a room
The listed types of bamboo and some other plants from this genus grow well in a person's home, giving him individuality and originality. It is important to create natural conditions for bamboo.
Lighting and soil
To grow bamboo, you need to choose a place in the room where the period of continuous sunlight will be about five hours a day. It can be a few hours in the morning and a few hours in the afternoon. With too intense direct sunlight, as well as with a lack of it, bamboo will grow, but there will be no trace of its attractiveness.
For growing bamboo in a room, a universal soil mixed with a small amount of expanded clay or gravel, peat and humus is suitable. In addition, before planting, you need to pour a layer of any drainage up to five cm thick into the pot.
When choosing a pot, do not take too small a container; for most species, the size of the pot should be about 40 cm in height and width. Bamboo is known for its growth rate. Under room conditions, it also retains this feature.
Although bamboo is most commonly found in warm tropics, it can withstand colder temperatures. The pot with the plant can be kept in a room where the air has a temperature of at least + 15 degrees. Although in the summer it is advisable to grow bamboo at + 24 degrees. In the spring, around mid-April, a pot of indoor bamboo can be installed on a glazed loggia or veranda. You can grow bamboo there until the first days of October.
How to plant bamboo, caring for it
Reproduction and watering
Planting material can be obtained by dividing the bush. During transplantation, a part of the root with several shoots is cut off with a sharpened clean knife. The cut should be sprinkled with crushed charcoal or ash. You can use a root sucker or buy the plant from the store. The newly planted plant is watered moderately and left alone for several days. After planting, do not expose the bamboo to the scorching sun.
It is recommended to water bamboo abundantly, but without waterlogging and stagnant water. In summer, watering is more abundant than in winter. However, bamboo responds well to spraying with warm water throughout the year. He will need additional air humidification in winter with hot radiators.
Top dressing, transplant
It is optimal to apply fertilizers in liquid form. When growing bamboo at home, you need to start doing this in April and finish in September. The plant is responsive to nitrogen application. The frequency of dressing is twice a month.
To give a more aesthetically pleasing appearance, all weak shoots are cut from the plant, you can also cut off the upper part of the shoots in fast-growing tall species. A transplant is recommended every two to three years. Transplanted into a new pot with new soil in early spring.
Some features of bamboo care:
- the leaves have become brown - this means you need to increase the humidity and water the plant more intensively
- leaf curling occurs when the temperature is too low, the plant must be moved to a warmer room
- growth retardation - fertilization required
If the lower part of the stem is bare, then there is no cause for concern. This is the usual state of any bamboo.
Indoor bamboo video: