The Ficus The ficus are among the most widespread houseplants, given their great ability to adapt to the climatic conditions of our homes; in general the term ficus means ficus benjamin, although there are many species and varieties grown in the apartment. Also the fig tree, ficus carica, belongs to the same family as the ficus, and shows with the other ficus some similarities, the first of all the presence of a latex in the leaves and branches; this latex can be irritating on the skin, but above all on the mucous membranes and the eyes, it is therefore good to prune all the plants of the genus ficus by putting on gloves and paying attention to the sap.
Category Apartment plants
The Gynura aurantiaca is an evergreen herbaceous plant native to Indonesia; in nature it reaches considerable dimensions, but in the container it is generally kept within 40-50 cm of height and width. The stems, semi-woody or herbaceous, are semi-vines, or hanging, and make the plant very suitable for cultivation in hanging baskets.
This genus includes about eighty species of shrubs or small trees originating in New Zealand and Asia; in nature they can reach a few meters in height, while the plants grown in the apartment remain below 120-150 cm. As ornamental plants in general only 6-7 species are cultivated, very appreciated for the showy foliage, P.
More than 150 species belong to the Dracaena genus, each of which has numerous varieties. These plants are evergreen and are mainly cultivated for their very ornamental foliage. Generally they are grown in greenhouses or in apartments being plants originating from Africa.
Fatshedera lizei is an intergeneric hybrid, first cultivated in France in the early 1900s; born from the hybridization of Fatsia japonica X Hedera helix. It is an evergreen climber, quite vigorous, reaching 90-100 cm in height, but only if supported on a support, since it does not have the roots of ivy, more often it remains as a small shrub; it has thin, fleshy, semi-woody stems, not very branched, which bear large leaves with five lobes, dark green, leathery and shiny, with long flexible petioles; in autumn it produces small greenish flowers.
A perennial, evergreen, perennial plant native to South America; there are many species, but generally the most cultivated as apartment plants are three: Nematanthus gregarius, N. weittsteinii, N. stigilosus; once it was called Hypocyrta. In nature these plants have epiphytic development; they produce long prostrate stems, which reach 40-50 cm in length, quite branched and flexible; the leaves are small, 3-4 cm long, oval, dark green, slightly fleshy.
This family contains 15-20 herbaceous plants originating from tropical America; in nature they reach dimensions close to 4-5 meters. They have herbaceous stems and large lance-shaped leaves, dark green, serrated, with deep veins and bright yellow color. In spring it produces long spikes covered with yellow, red or orange bracts, with tubular flowers at the apex.
Genus to which some dozens of species of climbing plants, originating from Australia, and from the tropical areas of Asia belong; to this genus also some succulent, caudiciform species, now separated in the genus Cyphostemma, belonged. The most common are Cissus antarctica, a native of Australia, with thin leaves and green stems, equipped with tendrils; and C.
It is a genus that includes some species of small evergreen shrubs, semirampicanti, originating in central and southern America. The stiff semi-woody stems, which grow up to 150-200 cm, carry large heart-shaped, pointed, glossy and waxy leaves; the leaves of syngonium podophyllum are light green, mottled or variegated with white, yellow, dark green; there are numerous hybrids, also with pink or orange leaves.
In nature the ficus elastica is a large tree, which reaches 25-30 meters and develops in the tropical forests of Asia; in pot it has an erect habit, poorly branched, and reaches 200-300 cm in height over the years; the bark is smooth, brown-gray in color. The leaves are large, up to 25-30 cm, oval, dark green, carried by long rigid petioles; they are shiny, leathery and rigid, at the beginning of their development they appear rolled up inside a reddish sheath, and are characterized by a showy red-vein-veining on the lower side; in the lower part of the stem often develop aerial roots.
It is a genus that includes about a dozen species of herbaceous plants, perennials, originating from central-northern America and probably from Asia; once the genus counted many more species, but was subdivided into datura and brugmansia; in the second case they are shrubs. The dature develop medium-sized plants, up to 100-120 cm high, very branched; they have large gray-greenish, dark leaves.
Hundreds of plants belong to the ardisia genus, widespread in most of the tropical areas of the globe; in reality in the nursery we find almost exclusively Ardisia crenata, a species native to central Asia, in the area that goes from India to China and Japan. In places of origin it becomes a medium-sized shrub, instead cultivated in pot it remains below the meter of height; in particular in European nurseries there are often varieties selected for their small size and compactness of vegetation.
The Beaucarnea recurvata is commonly called nolina, or smoke-eating plant, in fact the botanical name now more accredited is beaucarnea recurvata, since all the plants of the genus nolina have been traced back to the genus beaucarnea; it is an evergreen succulent plant, native to Mexico, other species of beaucarnea are widespread in Central America.
Medinilla The magnificent medinilla is an ornamental plant with large pink cluster inflorescences, which give it an elegant and extremely decorative appearance: hence the name "magnificent". This plant is very simple to grow, but it is not very common because its characteristics are not known.
Genus that includes numerous evergreen shrubs originating in Africa and South America. The plants of Tibucina have a slightly climbing or hanging habit and develop up to about one meter in height. The stems are green, semi-woody, arched; the leaves are large, oval, rough, dark green, crossed by deep veins, leathery.
The Beloperone guttata or Justicia is a small evergreen shrub originating in Central America and Brazil; the adult plants reach the 70-10 cm of height, but they can grow even over 120-150 cm, even if they are generally kept within smaller dimensions. It looks like a roundish, very ramified shrub, with thin and woody stems; the leaves are oval, bright green, shiny; from the beginning of spring to late autumn it produces long pendulous panicles, covered with inflorescences consisting of small yellow flowers surrounded by yellow-orange bracts, which make the flower resemble a shrimp tail.
It is a genus of fifty species of evergreen suffruticose tropical plants, originating in India and Malaysia. They have orange flowers that last a long time. They bloom from spring to autumn and consist of a tubular part and five lobes. They are gathered in spike inflorescences at the end of the floral scape.
Gardenias are small or medium-sized, evergreen shrubs, which produce large white flowers, or cream, intensely scented; there are several species of gardenia, in some classifications they are dozens, in others the two hundred and fifty species are reached, widespread in the humid and mild areas of Africa, Asia and Oceania in the natural state, and throughout the world cultivated as ornamental plants.
The name Philodendron, derives from the Greek "Philo", love, and from "dendron", tree. It is a genus composed of 275 species, formed by varieties of evergreen and climbing shrubs. The plant is native to South America, and is easy to grow both in greenhouses and in apartments. Creepers need a guardian, preferably musk.
The very elegant Dizygotheca, often also called the most elegant schefflera or elegant aralia, is in nature a large shrub, or small tree, evergreen, originating in Australia and the neighboring islands. In nature it reaches a few meters in height, while in a container it is kept within 150-200 cm of height, also having a rather slow growth.
About twenty species of evergreen shrubs or small trees belong to the genus Cordyline australis or Cordilinea, widespread in Asia, Australia and South America, as well as numerous cultivars. These plants, used only in apartment in Europe, develop a short erect stem, from which branch some branching, facing upwards; at the apex of the branches a broad tuft develops, consisting of long leaves, often with a papyrus consistency.